Report on Human Rights Practices Country of Moldova

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The Republic of Moldova recently celebrated 26 years of independence from Russian and Romanian control on August 27, A parliamentary supermajority had the power to elect the president until the transferral of that power to Moldovan citizens on March 4, This achievement offers its citizens a strong sense of control and power in working with the government. The Moldovan Constitution , created in , highlights the importance of its people.

Creation, Evolution and Enforcement

Rights including the right to universality, equality, education , protection against inhumane treatment, freedom of speech, free access to justice and health protection are awarded to all Moldovans. Efforts to combat these human rights violations are in place. Such laws include the Law on Enforcement of Equality which legally ensures anti-discrimination for Moldovan inhabitants.

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In preparation for this report, on top of its regular and frequent meetings with Moldovan authorities, opposition leaders and civil society representatives as well as European Commission and EEAS representatives, the Foreign Affairs Committee undertook a fact-finding mission to Moldova in April and commissioned three expert studies published over the last 6 months - on electoral reform, on the level of implementation of the AA and on the institutional framework for this implementation. The findings of the Foreign Affairs Committee provide a contrasted image of the implementation of the Association Agreement with Moldova.

In this report, the Foreign Affairs Committee highlights in particular its concerns about:. Media and civil society: the monopolisation of media and advertising market, the weakening of independent news outlets, the overdue implementation of the new audio visual code, the attempts to limit the freedom of action and discredit representatives of civil society.

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  • Any decision on future Macro Financial Assistance disbursement should only take place after the parliamentary elections scheduled for February and on condition that they are conducted in line with internationally recognised standards and assessed by specialised international bodies - in this context, the European Parliament reiterates its readiness to observe the next parliamentary elections;. The payment of all budget support programs should also remain on hold until meaningful progress in democratic standards takes place;.

    In the meantime, funds should be reallocated to support civil society and independent media in Moldova, as well as the private sector and local authorities;. The suspension clauses to EU-Moldova agreements are recalled, notably Articles 2 and of the AA and the anti-corruption and anti-money laundering benchmarks related to the visa liberalisation. Finally, the report addresses the institutional framework in place to implement the AA, both from the Moldovan and the EU side, with a focus on capacity in terms of human resources and expertise, to ensure full implementation of relevant legislation and the monitoring thereof.

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    In particular, a dedicated EU Support Group for Moldova is proposed, subject to progress on democratic standards, in order to increase the delivery of expertise to the Moldovan state. The European Parliament ,. General principles and common values.

    MOLDOVA 2018

    Institutional framework in place to implement the Agreement. Calls for stronger involvement of the Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Moldova in providing high-level political oversight and scrutiny of the implementation of the AA, notably through the continued streamlining of relevant parliamentary and governmental structures and the enhancement of their administrative capacities, and the coordination and synchronisation of line ministries' plans and their full and effective implementation;.

    Welcomes the establishment of the interparliamentary assembly of Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine and its first meeting held on June in Kyiv; encourages this assembly to also scrutinise the implementation of the Association Agreements;. Urges the Moldovan authorities to put more effort into AA implementation and organise its actions — notably through the National Action Plan for the Implementation of the Association Agreement NAPIAA itself — according to specific sectors and the specific results to be generated, rather than according to articles of the AA, in order to develop a detailed prioritisation and sequencing of measures, driven by impact assessment and drawn up by dedicated expert units;.

    Calls on the EEAS and the Commission to set up, subject to progress on democratic standards, a dedicated EU Support Group for Moldova, in order to increase the delivery of expertise, notably on the approximation of Moldovan legislation with that of the EU, and to coordinate, when the conditions are fulfilled, the delivery of financial assistance to Moldova in support of the implementation of the AA;.

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    Urges the EEAS and the Commission to boost internal capabilities to step up monitoring of the implementation of the AA, notably through a significant increase in dedicated human resources, as well as to move towards a qualitative assessment of progress, notably through the introduction of screening processes to assess the level of alignment with the EU acquis that is actually achieved as required by the AA;. Welcomes the enhanced ministerial-level dialogue with Moldova and other associated partners on association-related reforms in the area of trade and supports, subject to progress on democratic standards, the launch of such dialogues in other areas covered by the AA, including political issues, justice, freedom and security, and sectoral cooperation;.

    Political dialogue and reform, cooperation in the field of common foreign and security policy CFSP. Welcomes the reform efforts in the areas of public administration and public financial management and encourages further steps to be taken to increase transparency;. Rule of law and good governance. Welcomes legislative amendments adopted in July meant to strengthen merit-based selection and promotion of judges, as well as their accountability;.

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    Stresses the need also to address and deter other occurrences of organised crime, including arms smuggling, human trafficking and large-scale money laundering, notably from Russia; underlines the responsibility of judges in upholding the rule of law and stresses that lawfully convicted judges should carry out their sentences;.

    Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Welcomes the adoption of a new National Gender Equality Strategy in , and calls on the authorities to ensure its full implementation;. Calls on the authorities to significantly step up efforts to uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms, notably for vulnerable groups, by fighting hate speech, violence, social exclusion and discrimination, which all remain of great concern, against LGBTQI people, persons with disabilities and minorities such as the Roma population, as well as hate speech and discrimination based on gender or political affiliation;.

    Trade and economic cooperation. Recalls the importance of an independent judiciary and of the fight against corruption as well as a decrease in administrative and bureaucratic burdens in improving the investment and business climate;.

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    • Encourages further progress in the areas of sanitary and phytosanitary standards and the protection of geographical indications;. Calls for effective compliance with trade and sustainable development clauses and international commitments, and specifically the proper implementation of ILO core conventions.


      Considers regulatory approximation with the EU acquis to be the key dimension of the DCFTA because actual access to the EU market and reform very much depend on the appropriate implementation and enforcement of relevant legislation; is aware of the significant challenge this represents for governance, institutions and public administration in Moldova and encourages the Commission to provide adequate technical and financial support;.

      Energy and other areas of cooperation. Calls for more determined action in the areas of environmental protection, notably as regards the management of water from the Nistru river, waste management and climate change, notably in terms of implementing and coordinating legislation;. Institutional provisions.

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      Calls for the EU, the Member States and Moldova to further increase communication efforts on the implementation of the AA and the expected benefits to the citizens of Moldova of related reforms and of closer integration with the European Union; highlights the need to fight Russian disinformation through fact-based and accessible quality information in all of the main languages used in Moldova;.

      Considers that the practice of involving Moldovan authorities from the stage of drafting relevant legislation is useful in that it makes the process more inclusive and reduces transition costs for Moldova, and calls on the Commission to make full use of the ex-ante consultation processes;. Notes that the evaluation of DCFTA implementation is very much focused on trade flows and trade irritants; calls on the Commission to monitor and assess the implementation of the DCFTA in an appropriate manner, paying special attention to transposition and implementation of the acquis , as well as to the impact on Moldovan society, and to ensure public and comprehensive annual reporting, including on the technical and financial support provided by the EU;.

      Resolves to draw up annual reports on the implementation of the Association Agreements;. Rapporteur for opinion: David Martin. The Committee on International Trade calls on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution:.